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Day 4 - Suggested Reading

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Donald Resnick, MD
Professor Emeritus, Department of Radiology
  • American Heritage Medical Dictionary 
  • Bock GW, Garcia A, Weisman MH, et al. Rapidly destructive hip disease: clinical and imaging abnormalities. Radiology. 1993;186(2):461-466. doi:10.1148/radiology.186.2.8421751
  • Cabarrus MC, Ambekar A, Lu Y, Link TM. MRI and CT of insufficiency fractures of the pelvis and the proximal femur. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008;191(4):995-1001. doi:10.2214/AJR.07.3714
  • Cahir JG, Toms AP. Regional migratory osteoporosis. Eur J Radiol. 2008;67(1):2-10. doi:10.1016/j.ejrad.2008.01.051
  • Chan SS, Rosenberg ZS, Chan K, Capeci C. Subtrochanteric femoral fractures in patients receiving long-term alendronate therapy: imaging features. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010;194(6):1581-1586. doi:10.2214/AJR.09.3588
  • Chowchuen P, Resnick D. Stress fractures of the metatarsal heads. Skeletal Radiol. 1998;27(1):22-25. doi:10.1007/s002560050329
  • Dihlmann W. CT analysis of the upper end of the femur: the asterisk sign and ischaemic bone necrosis of the femoral head. Skeletal Radiol. 1982;8(4):251-258. doi:10.1007/BF02219619
  • Downey DJ, Simkin PA, Taggart R. The effect of compressive loading on intraosseous pressure in the femoral head in vitro. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988;70(6):871-877.
  • Duncan H, Frame B, Frost HM, Arnstein AR. Migratory osteolysis of the lower extremities. Ann Intern Med. 1967;66(6):1165-1173. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-66-6-1165
  • Fujioka M, Kubo T, Nakamura F, et al. Initial changes of non-traumatic osteonecrosis of femoral head in fat suppression images: bone marrow edema was not found before the appearance of band patterns. Magn Reson Imaging. 2001;19(7):985-991. doi:10.1016/s0730-725x(01)00424-6
  • Frobell RB, Roos HP, Roos EM, et al. The acutely ACL injured knee assessed by MRI: are large volume traumatic bone marrow lesions a sign of severe compression injury?. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2008;16(7):829-836. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2007.11.003
  • Gigena LM, Chung CB, Lektrakul N, Pfirrmann CW, Sung MS, Resnick D. Transient bone marrow edema of the talus: MR imaging findings in five patients. Skeletal Radiol. 2002;31(4):202-207. doi:10.1007/s00256-001-0466-8
  • Goergen TG, Resnick D, Riley RR. Post-traumatic abnormalities of the pubic bone simulating malignancy. Radiology. 1978;126(1):85-87. doi:10.1148/126.1.85
  • Gorbachova T, Melenevsky Y, Cohen M, Cerniglia BW. Osteochondral Lesions of the Knee: Differentiating the Most Common Entities at MRI. Radiographics. 2018;38(5):1478-1495. doi:10.1148/rg.2018180044
  • Hackney LA, Lee MH, Joseph GB, Vail TP, Link TM. Subchondral insufficiency fractures of the femoral head: associated imaging findings and predictors of clinical progression. Eur Radiol. 2016;26(6):1929-1941. doi:10.1007/s00330-015-3967-x
  • Hamada H, Takao M, Sakai T, Sugano N. Subchondral fracture begins from the bone resorption area in osteonecrosis of the femoral head: a micro-computerised tomography study. Int Orthop. 2018;42(7):1479-1484. doi:10.1007/s00264-018-3879-x
  • Hindoyan KN, Lieberman JR, Matcuk GR Jr, White EA. A Precise and Reliable Method of Determining Lesion Size in Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head Using Volumes. J Arthroplasty. 2020;35(1):285-290. doi:10.1016/j.arth.2019.05.039
  • Hussain ZB, Chahla J, Mandelbaum BR, Gomoll AH, LaPrade RF. The Role of Meniscal Tears in Spontaneous Osteonecrosis of the Knee: A Systematic Review of Suspected Etiology and a Call to Revisit Nomenclature. Am J Sports Med. 2019;47(2):501-507. doi:10.1177/0363546517743734
  • Imhof H, Breitenseher M, Trattnig S, et al. Imaging of avascular necrosis of bone. Eur Radiol. 1997;7(2):180-186. doi:10.1007/s003300050131
  • Ito H, Matsuno T, Minami A. Relationship between bone marrow edema and development of symptoms in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006;186(6):1761-1770. doi:10.2214/AJR.05.0086
  • Jeffery AK, Blunn GW, Archer CW, Bentley G. Three-dimensional collagen architecture in bovine articular cartilage. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1991;73(5):795-801. doi:10.1302/0301-620X.73B5.1894669
  • Jonas Mosby’s Dictionary of Complementary and Alternative Medicine
  • Kafka V. On hydraulic strengthening of bones. Biorheology. 1983;20(6):789-793. doi:10.3233/bir-1983-20606
  • Klontzas ME, Vassalou EE, Zibis AH, Bintoudi AS, Karantanas AH. MR imaging of transient osteoporosis of the hip: an update on 155 hip joints. Eur J Radiol. 2015;84(3):431-436. doi:10.1016/j.ejrad.2014.11.022
  • Kolb AR, Patsch JM, Vogl WD, et al. The role of the subchondral layer in osteonecrosis of the femoral head: analysis based on HR-QCT in comparison to MRI findings. Acta Radiol. 2019;60(4):501-508. doi:10.1177/0284185118786070
  • Large TM, Adams MR, Loeffler BJ, Gardner MJ. Posttraumatic Avascular Necrosis After Proximal Femur, Proximal Humerus, Talar Neck, and Scaphoid Fractures. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2019;27(21):794-805. doi:10.5435/JAAOS-D-18-00225
  • Lecouvet FE, van de Berg BC, Maldague BE, et al. Early irreversible osteonecrosis versus transient lesions of the femoral condyles: prognostic value of subchondral bone and marrow changes on MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1998;170(1):71-77. doi:10.2214/ajr.170.1.9423603
  • Mosby’s Medical Dictionary
  • Miyanishi K, Yamamoto T, Nakashima Y, et al. Subchondral changes in transient osteoporosis of the hip. Skeletal Radiol. 2001;30(5):255-261. doi:10.1007/s002560100350
  • Nguyen VD, Keh RA, Daehler RW. Freiberg's disease in diabetes mellitus. Skeletal Radiol. 1991;20(6):425-428. doi:10.1007/BF00191084
  • Ochoa JA, Sanders AP, Kiesler TW, et al. In vivo observations of hydraulic stiffening in the canine femoral head. J Biomech Eng. 1997;119(1):103-108. doi:10.1115/1.2796051
  • Pal CR, Tasker AD, Ostlere SJ, Watson MS. Heterogeneous signal in bone marrow on MRI of children's feet: a normal finding?. Skeletal Radiol. 1999;28(5):274-278. doi:10.1007/s002560050515
  • Robling AG, et al: Mechanical Adaptation, (In) Basic and Applied Bone Biology, 2nd edition, Elsevier, Inc, 2019
  • Schmorl G, Junghanns H: The Human Spine in Health and Disease, New York, Grune & Stratton, 2nd edition, 1971; Brower A, et al: Radiology 141: 363, 1981
  • Simkin PA, Gardner GC:Hosp Practice 29:73,1994; Simkin PA,et al: J Anat 175:213,1991
  • Schmitt R, Kalb KH, Christopoulos G, Grunz JP. Osteonecrosis of the Upper Extremity: MRI-Based Zonal Patterns and Differential Diagnosis. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2019;23(5):523-533. doi:10.1055/s-0039-1695719
  • Simkin PA, Gardner GC. Osteonecrosis: pathogenesis and practicalities. Hosp Pract (Off Ed). 1994;29(3):73-84. doi:10.1080/21548331.1994.11442990
  • Simkin PA. Marrow fat may distribute the energy of impact loading throughout subchondral bone. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2018;57(3):414-418. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kex274
  • Toms AP, Marshall TJ, Becker E, Donell ST, Lobo-Mueller EM, Barker T. Regional migratory osteoporosis: a review illustrated by five cases. Clin Radiol. 2005;60(4):425-438. doi:10.1016/j.crad.2004.07.002
  • White LM, Powell TI, Tomlinson G, Boynton E. Increased subcortical patellar signal intensity at T2-weighted MR imaging: a subacute finding after knee injury. Radiology. 2005;236(3):952-957. doi:10.1148/radiol.2363041132
  • Yamamoto T, Bullough PG. Subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head: a differential diagnosis in acute onset of coxarthrosis in the elderly. Arthritis Rheum. 1999;42(12):2719-2723. doi:10.1002/1529-0131(199912)42:12<2719::AID-ANR31>3.0.CO;2-X
  • Yamamoto T. Subchondral insufficiency fractures of the femoral head. Clin Orthop Surg. 2012;4(3):173-180. doi:10.4055/cios.2012.4.3.173
  • Yamamoto T,et al: BMJ.COM, 2014
  • Zhao D, Qiu X, Wang B, et al. Epiphyseal Arterial Network and Inferior Retinacular Artery Seem Critical to Femoral Head Perfusion in Adults With Femoral Neck Fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2017;475(8):2011-2023. doi:10.1007/s11999-017-5318-5
LESSON 5, TOPIC 7

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Content reviewed: March 17, 2022

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